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Visit to Caravaggio and Bernini path walk
The comparison between the two most significant artists of the 17th century underlines the characteristics of the realistic and classical thread in the Baroque movement. Even so the two threads have many and unexpected points of contact which are evident in the Church of “Sant’Agostino” where the Madonna dei Palafrenieri is located opposite the altar sculptured by Bernini; or in the basilica of San Luigi dei Francesi, in the famous Piazza Navona (renovated by Bernini) and in many other churches and places of architectural interest in Rome.
Around the beginning of the 17th century begun a revolution in art; both in painting and sculpture. It was initiated by two Italians,Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini, a sculptor, and Michelangelo da Merisi, also know as Caravaggio, a painter of incredible skill and genius. The visit will examine the different ways in which these two artists, in Rome, showed energy in the exploration of new ideas of light, composition, subject matter and use of space; how they learnd the juxtaposition of light and dark to transmit the intensity of passion to the viewer, or how they used parallel and intersecting diagonal structures in the composition of space. The visit starts with the fountain of The four Rivers in Piazza Navona, created by Bernini for the Pope Innocenzo X, compared with Caravaggio’s Paintings, on the life of St Matthew, in San Luigi dei Francesi.
Then we will see the Santa Maria del Popolo basilica in which the Cerasi Chapel is located. This Chapel treasures two of Caravaggio’s paintings : The crucifixion of St Peter and the Conversion of St Paul on the way to Damasco while in the Cappella Chigi we will find two of Bernini’s sculptures, Daniel and the Lion and Abacuc and the Angel. These artworks show the conception of geometrical structures and the difference between the design of a painting and a statue.