The fundamental tools for understanding art and cultural heritage in Italy from ancient Rome to contemporary art
Visit to Museo Nazionale Romano
The National Museum of Rome, which possesses one of the world's most important archaeological collections, is housed in three different facilities: Baths of Diocletian, Palazzo Massimo, and Palazzo Altemps. Each of the facilities hosts coins, statues, sarcophagi, earthenware, frescoes, mosaics, jewelry, and other relics of Rome, from the imperial and Republican periods through medieval times.
The Baths of Diocletian were erected between 298 and 306 BC, served as bath for the people living in the Viminal, Quirinal and Esquilin hills. The visit covers the ruins and the main spaces discovered underground: the frigidarium, a pool with cold water, tepidarium, with lukewarm water and calidarium, hot water. According to historians we can also find the presence of libraries, in which people could relax and socialize, and a triclinium, a sort of dining room in which food and drinks were served.
Then we discover Palazzo Massimo were we will focus on the second floor where we will see the frescoes of Livia Villa, wife of August; the triclinium of the villa was completely covered by images of flowers, animals and plants. This is one of the best examples, in art, of the trompe-l’oeil and prospective technique. In the end, we will complete the visit with Palazzo Altemps and the collection started by cardinal Markus Sitticus Altemps.